Saturday, October 10, 2009

Nobel Prize for Peace

Alfred Nobel was born in Stockholm on October 21, 1833 who became a famous scientist, inventor, businessman and founder of the Nobel Prizes. Alfred died in San Remo, Italy on December 10, 1896. In his last will and testament, he wrote that much of his fortune was to be used to give prizes to those who have done their best for humanity in the field of physics, chemistry, physiology or medicine, literature and peace. It took four years for his executors to convince all parties to follow Alfred's wishes.

That's how Nobel Prizes came to exist since 1901 when first Nobel Prizes were given in Stockholm, Sweden.

However, it is interesting to note How the Peace Prize was included by Alfred Nobel in his will.

Alfred had no family of his own. Once, he announced in the newspapers for a secretary. An Austrian lady, Bertha Kinsky von Chinic und Tettau got the job. After working for a short time, she moved back to Austria to marry Count Arthur von Suttner.

Alfred and Bertha von Suttner remained friends and exchanged letters through the years. She later became very active in the peace movement. She wrote the famous book "Lay Down Your Arms." When Alfred Nobel later wrote his will to establish the Nobel Prizes, he included a prize for persons or organizations who promoted peace.

Here's Profiles in Kidsfreesouls Literature pages and News in Kids section of recent Nobel Prize Awards to Indian born scientist Dr. Venkatraman Ramkrishnan for Chemistry (Joint sharing) and President Barrack Obama for Peace.

As there is mix surprize and opinions, headlines keep changing on Google 'Call to Action', 'A prize that carries perils', 'wins mocks awards' - Cool reactions to Obama's Nobel Prize for Peace!

- ilaxi patel
Newspaper for kids
Author of Guardian of Angels

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